The Estimated Value of the Notes
The estimated value of the notes set forth on the cover of this pricing supplement is equal to the sum of the values of the following
hypothetical components: (1) a fixed-income debt component with the same maturity as the notes, valued using the internal funding rate
described below, and (2) the derivative or derivatives underlying the economic terms of the notes. The estimated value of the notes does
not represent a minimum price at which JPMS would be willing to buy your notes in any secondary market (if any exists) at any time. The
internal funding rate used in the determination of the estimated value of the notes may differ from the market-implied funding rate for
vanilla fixed income instruments of a similar maturity issued by JPMorgan Chase & Co. or its affiliates. Any difference may be based on,
among other things, our and our affiliates’ view of the funding value of the notes as well as the higher issuance, operational and ongoing
liability management costs of the notes in comparison to those costs for the conventional fixed income instruments of JPMorgan Chase
& Co. This internal funding rate is based on certain market inputs and assumptions, which may prove to be incorrect, and is intended to
approximate the prevailing market replacement funding rate for the notes. The use of an internal funding rate and any potential changes
to that rate may have an adverse effect on the terms of the notes and any secondary market prices of the notes. For additional
information, see “Selected Risk Considerations — The Estimated Value of the Notes Is Derived by Reference to an Internal Funding
Rate” in this pricing supplement.
The value of the derivative or derivatives underlying the economic terms of the notes is derived from internal pricing models of our
affiliates. These models are dependent on inputs such as the traded market prices of comparable derivative instruments and on various
other inputs, some of which are market-observable, and which can include volatility, dividend rates, interest rates and other factors, as
well as assumptions about future market events and/or environments. Accordingly, the estimated value of the notes is determined when
the terms of the notes are set based on market conditions and other relevant factors and assumptions existing at that time.
The estimated value of the notes does not represent future values of the notes and may differ from others’ estimates. Different pricing
models and assumptions could provide valuations for the notes that are greater than or less than the estimated value of the notes. In
addition, market conditions and other relevant factors in the future may change, and any assumptions may prove to be incorrect. On
future dates, the value of the notes could change significantly based on, among other things, changes in market conditions, our or
JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s creditworthiness, interest rate movements and other relevant factors, which may impact the price, if any, at
which JPMS would be willing to buy notes from you in secondary market transactions.
The estimated value of the notes is lower than the original issue price of the notes because costs associated with structuring and
hedging the notes are included in the original issue price of the notes. These costs include the projected profits, if any, that our affiliates
expect to realize for assuming risks inherent in hedging our obligations under the notes and the estimated cost of hedging our
obligations under the notes. Because hedging our obligations entails risk and may be influenced by market forces beyond our control,
this hedging may result in a profit that is more or less than expected, or it may result in a loss. A portion of the profits, if any, realized in
hedging our obligations under the notes may be allowed to other affiliated or unaffiliated dealers, and we or one or more of our affiliates
will retain any remaining hedging profits. See “Selected Risk Considerations — The Estimated Value of the Notes Is Lower Than the
Original Issue Price (Price to Public) of the Notes” in this pricing supplement.
Secondary Market Prices of the Notes
For information about factors that will impact any secondary market prices of the notes, see “Risk Factors — Risks Relating to the
Estimated Value and Secondary Market Prices of the Notes — Secondary market prices of the notes will be impacted by many economic
and market factors” in the accompanying product supplement. In addition, we generally expect that some of the costs included in the
original issue price of the notes will be partially paid back to you in connection with any repurchases of your notes by JPMS in an amount
that will decline to zero over an initial predetermined period. These costs can include projected hedging profits, if any, and, in some
circumstances, estimated hedging costs and our internal secondary market funding rates for structured debt issuances. This initial
predetermined time period is intended to be the shorter of six months and one-half of the stated term of the notes. The length of any
such initial period reflects the structure of the notes, whether our affiliates expect to earn a profit in connection with our hedging activities,
the estimated costs of hedging the notes and when these costs are incurred, as determined by our affiliates. See “Selected Risk
Considerations — The Value of the Notes as Published by JPMS (and Which May Be Reflected on Customer Account Statements) May
Be Higher Than the Then-Current Estimated Value of the Notes for a Limited Time Period” in this pricing supplement.
Supplemental Use of Proceeds
The notes are offered to meet investor demand for products that reflect the risk-return profile and market exposure provided by the
notes. See “Hypothetical Payout Profile” and “How the Notes Work” in this pricing supplement for an illustration of the risk-return profile
of the notes and “The Indices” in this pricing supplement for a description of the market exposure provided by the notes.
The original issue price of the notes is equal to the estimated value of the notes plus (minus) the projected profits (losses) that our
affiliates expect to realize for assuming risks inherent in hedging our obligations under the notes, plus the estimated cost of hedging our
obligations under the notes.